- Official name: Slovak Republic
- Form of government: parliamentary democracy
- National holidays:
– 1 January: Day of Establishment of the Slovak Republic
– 29 August: Day of Slovak National Uprising
– 1 September: Day of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic
- Member of the European Union since 1 May 2004
- Member of the euro area since 1 January 2009
- Area: 49,035 km²
- Borders: Located in Central Europe, Slovakia borders Austria (length of border: 106.7 km), the Czech Republic (251.8 km), Poland (541.1 km), Ukraine (97.8 km) and Hungary (654.8 km).
- Distance from the capital Bratislava to Berlin: 670 km
- Highest elevation: Gerlach Peak in the High Tatras (2,655 m)
- Climate: continental climate; average temperature between 0° C in January and 21° C in July and August.
- The country’s most important rivers are the Danube, the river with the highest volume of water in Slovakia, the Váh, Slovakia’s longest river, as well as the Morava and Hron.
- Total population: ca. 5.4 million (as of 2015)
- Population density: 110 inhabitants/km2
- Nationalities: Slovaks (80.7%), Hungarians (8.5%), Roma (2%), Czechs (0.6%), Ruthenians (0.6%) and Germans, Poles and Ukrainians (all less than 1.0%).
- Religions: Roman Catholic (62%), Protestant (5.9%), Greek Catholic (3.8%), Christian Reformed (1.8%), Methodist, Orthodox or Jewish (all less than 1%); 13.4% of the population are not affiliated with any denomination.
- The capital Bratislava is the largest city in Slovakia, with a population of around 423,000 people (as of 2015). It is located on the border with Austria and Hungary, making it the only capital city in the world that borders more than one country.
- Slovakia’s other major cities include Košice (population 240,000), Prešov (90,000), Žilina, Banská Bystrica and Nitra (approx. 80,000 respectively).
The Slovak language (slovenský jazyk) is one of the West Slavic languages, together with Czech, Polish and the Sorbian languages. All of them belong to the Indo-European language family.