Henriëtte Bosmans (1895-1952) is one of the most important Dutch composers of the 20th century. She inherited her musical talent from her father, who was a cellist in the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra, and her mother, Sara Bendicts, who was a celebrated concert pianist.
In 1914, she began to compose music for the piano and soon made a name for herself. In 1919, her first violin sonata was performed in public. She composed mainly chamber music, including many works for violincello. Between 1922 and 1929, Bosmans was in a relationship with the cellist and conductor Frieda Belinfante, nine years her junior, to whom she dedicated her second cello concerto.
Under the German occupation of the Netherlands, Bosmans was prohibited from exercising her profession and performing starting in 1941 because of her Jewish origin. Nevertheless, she still managed to make a living by secretly organising concerts at home, known as “black soirées”.
After World War II, she wrote mainly songs in French. While music critic Mathijs Vermeulen was hoping that she would write an opera, it was not meant to be as Bosmans died of stomach cancer in 1952 at the age of 52.