- Official name: Kingdom of the Netherlands
- Form of government: The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government.
- National holiday: 27 April, which marks the birthday of King Willem-Alexander
- The Netherlands was a founding member of the European Economic Community, which laid the foundations for the current European Union.
- Prior to the adoption of the euro in 2002, its currency was the guilder.
- Area: 41,526 km²
- Borders: Located on the North Sea, the Netherlands borders Germany in the east (length of border: 577 km) and Belgium in the south (length of border: 450 km).
- Distance from the capital Amsterdam to Berlin: 578 km (linear distance)
- Elevation: Roughly half the country lies less than one metre above sea level, with about one quarter of the country’s total surface below sea level. Low-lying areas are generally protected from flooding by dikes that span a total of approximately 3,000 km. The Delta Works provides protection against flooding and storm surges for the province of Zeeland, the western part of the province of North Brabant, and the southern part of the province South Holland. The Vaalserberg, a hill located in the far south of the country near the borders to Belgium and Germany, is the country’s highest point at 322.7 m.
- Climate: Moderate maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters near the coast.
- The country’s most important rivers are the Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt.
- Total population: 16.98 million (as of 2015)
- Population density: 500 inhabitants/km² (2014). The Netherlands has one of the highest population densities in the world.
- Religion: The people of the Netherlands are one of the most secular in Europe. Roughly half of the population is unaffiliated with any religious denomination. Christianity is the most widespread religion.
- Interesting fact: According to statistics, the Dutch are the tallest people in the world. Men average 1.83 metres and women 1.70 metres in height.
- Capital: Amsterdam, with 834,119 inhabitants (as of 2015)
- Seat of government: The Hague, with 519,411 inhabitants (as of 2015)
- Other major cities include Rotterdam, Utrecht and Eindhoven.
- The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch.
- The Frisian language, which is closely related to Dutch, is an additional official language in the province of Friesland.
- Various dialects are also spoken in the Netherlands: these include Low Franconian dialects in the southwest, Ripuarian dialects in the southeast, and Low Saxon dialects in the northeast.