- Official name: Republic of Malta
- Form of government: Parliamentary democracy
- National holidays:
– 21 September: Independence Day, 1964
– 13 December: Republic Day, 1974
- EU Member State since: 1 May 2004
- Member of the euro area since: 1 January 2008
- Area: 316 km²
- Closest EU country: Italy (Sicily)
- Distance between Valletta and Berlin: 1,850 km
- Highest point: Ta’ Dmejrek (253 m)
- Climate: subtropical, dry Mediterranean climate; the average temperature ranges from 9.5°C in January to 31.8°C in July and August.
- Notably, Malta’s climate means that it has no permanent rivers, streams or lakes, only minor springs.
- Total population: 414,000 (96% Maltese, 4% British, Italian, Arab, etc.); around 400,000 Maltese people live abroad
- Population density: 1,361 inhabitants/km²
- Religions: Roman Catholic Church (87%), Islam (2.6%), other Christian religions (1%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (0.4%), other religions (3.1%), no religion (4.5%)
- The capital Valletta is, with 5,700 inhabitants, the smallest capital city of an EU country in terms of both area and population. Due to its cultural richness, Valletta gained the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. In 2018, Valletta is the European Capital of Culture.
- Among the biggest cities of Malta are Birkirkara, Mosta, Qormi, Zabbar, San Pawl il-Ba ar, Sliema, Naxxar, Rabat (including Mdina), Marsaskala or Birzebbuga.
The language of Malta is Maltese (native name: Malti). It originally developed from an Arabic dialect (Maghrebi) and is thus a Semitic language. Maltese is the only Semitic language worldwide to use the Latin script. For many Maltese people living outside the archipelago, the Maltese language is a symbol of identity, no matter how far they may be from their ancestral homeland. Under the constitution, Maltese and English enjoy equal status as official languages. Maltese has the additional status of being the country’s national language, and so the Maltese parliament’s debates take place in Maltese. Maltese is also an official EU language.