- Official name: Republic of Lithuania
- National holidays:
- 16 February 1918: Day of Restoration of the Lithuanian State
- 11 March 1990: Day of Restoration of Lithuanian Independence
- 6 July 1253: Statehood Day (commemorates the coronation of Grand Duke Mindaugas, Lithuania’s first and only king)
- Lithuania became a member of the European Union on 1 May 2004.
- On 1 January 2015, the euro replaced the litas as Lithuania’s currency, making Lithuania the 19th member of the euro area.
- Area: 65,300 km², the largest of the three Baltic states
- Borders: Lithuania shares borders with Latvia to the north, Poland to the south, and Belarus to the east/southeast. In the southwest, Lithuania shares a border with the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad Oblast.
- Distance from the capital Vilnius to Berlin: 818.04 km
- Highest elevation: Aukštojas Hill (293.84m)
- Climate: maritime-continental. Winter temperatures range from –20°C to +5°C, while summer temperatures range from +20°C to sometimes over +30°
- The geographic centre of Europe is located in Lithuania, roughly 26km to the north of Vilnius.
- Total population: 2,294,459 (ca. 84.2% Lithuanian, 6.6% Polish, 5.8% Russian, 1.2% Belarusian)
- Population density: 45 inhabitants/km2
- Religions: Roman Catholic (77.2%), Russian Orthodox (4.1%), Russian Orthodox (Old Believers) (0.8%), Protestant (Lutheran) (0.6%), Protestant (reformed) (0.2%).
- The capital and largest city is Vilnius, with a population of 539,939.
- Other large cities include Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai and Panevėžys.
Lithuanian is Europe’s oldest living language, with similarities to Sanskrit, Latin and ancient Greek. Most European languages evolved from Proto-Indo-European, and of all living European languages, Lithuanian is closest to this proto-language.
Antoine Meillet, one of the leading French linguists of the 20th century, claimed that one only had to listen to Lithuanian peasants in order to find out how our ancestors must have spoken.
- cepelinai: potato dumplings filled with ground meat, mushrooms or curd cheese
- balandėliai: stuffed cabbage (ground meat and rice wrapped in cabbage leaves)
- bulviniai blynai: potato pancakes
- skilandis: cold-smoked sausage
- kastinys: a sour cream spread usually eaten with potatoes
- šaltibaršciai: cold beetroot soup
- vėdarai: crispy, oven-baked potato sausage
- kepta duona su česnakais: roasted garlic bread with cheese
- šakotis: Lithuanian spit cake
- alus: beer (about 200 kinds of beer are brewed in Lithuania)