The Italian 50-cent coin features a statue, carved around 165 AD, of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius on horseback. He was Roman Emperor between 161 and 180 AD and is often referred to as the ‘philosopher on the throne’. Roberto Mauri created the coin’s design.
Euro coins and banknotes were introduced on 1 January 2002 in twelve countries. Today, the euro area has grown to include 18 countries. Euro coins feature a common design on one side. Also, the national side (reverse) of every coin includes a ring of 12 stars from the European Union flag. Each country has its own design for the national side of its coins.