The German €1 and €2 coins show the Federal Eagle. Since 1950, this eagle has been the official coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is very similar to that used in the Weimar Republic of 1919. These coins were designed by Hans Hoyer and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer.
Euro coins and banknotes were introduced on 1 January 2002 in twelve countries. Today, the euro area has grown to include 18 countries. Euro coins feature a common design on one side. Also, the national side (reverse) of every coin includes a ring of 12 stars from the European Union flag. Each country has its own design for the national side of its coins.